REDD+ is the first internationally negotiated agreement on forest management in developing countries which sets a framework for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and their role in sustainable development.


The United Nation’s Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UN-REDD), launched in 2008, is a programme aimed at reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management in developing countries.

REDD has expanded to have over 60 official partner countries spanning Africa, Asia and Latin America.

How does it work?

This programme recognises the importance of forests as a natural climate solution as well as providing a tool for channelling investment to this work. It rewards developing countries for environmental stewardship, including conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks that leads to the mitigation of climate change impacts.

The UN-REDD programme has evolved over the last two decades to also focus on biodiversity, ecosystems and livelihood benefits, represented by the REDD+ programme.

Why does REDD+ matter?

REDD+ is the first internationally negotiated agreement on forest management in developing countries. It establishes a framework for environmental and social safeguards, emissions reductions accounting and financing and contributes to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement.

REDD+ programmes are still in the early phases of implementation. This includes establishing relevant institutions, mechanisms to measure emissions reductions and financial arrangements for how countries receive ‘payments for performance’ on successfully reducing deforestation.

Pioneering early projects have begun implementing ‘bottom-up’ REDD+ type activities in advance of national or regional ‘top-down’ systems being implemented. They use international standards to account for their climate, environmental and social impacts. All our projects are verified by the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) and the Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standard which verify for robust climate benefits and wider co-benefits respectively. Learn more about these standards here.

At Ecosphere+

Ecosphere+ is at the very heart of this land use movement. Our projects in Peru and Guatemala demonstrate the REDD+ concept in action. Here, the climate benefits of sustainable land use and conservation activities are quantified and valued. These are then used as verified greenhouse gas emissions reductions or “carbon credits”, which we sell to businesses and individuals so they can rebalance their emissions.